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J Probl Based Learn > Volume 3(1); 2016 > Article
Journal of Problem-Based Learning 2016;3(1): 15-22.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24313/jpbl.2016.3.1.15    Published online February 29, 2016.
A Study of competence of nursing students in Emergency Nursing Core Skills
Young-Ju Son1, Insook Lee2, Chang-Seung Park3
1Ph.D., RN Professor, Department of Nursing, Cheju Halla University, Republic of Korea
2Ph.D., RN Assistant professor, Department of Nursing, Changwon National University, Republic of Korea
3Ph.D., RN Assistant professor, Department of Nursing, Cheju Halla University, Republic of Korea
Correspondence  Insook Lee ,Tel: 82-55-213-3574, Fax: 82-55-213-3579, Email: dobest75@changwon.ac.kr; dobest75@gmail.com
© Copyright 2016 International Society for Problem-Based Learning
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

Objectives
The purpose of this study was to investigate the competence of 3rd year nursing students in the core skills of emergency nursing activities.
Methods
A one group pre-post test design was conducted using a Nursing Activities Questionnaire that included 80 nursing activities in a 4-Likert scale. Data were collected from 245 3rd year students who were enrolled in the emergency nursing core skills course. The data was analysed with SPSS 20.0 program using descriptive statistics for performance competence of nursing activities.
Results
Seventy-two nursing activities among 80 nursing activities were significantly increased after the core skill practicum. In particular, the mean scores for evaluating and recording CPR, preventing violence, taking electrocardiography, inserting intravenous cannula, administering subcutaneous injections, and administering intradermal injection increased by more than 3 points on average. Results showed differences by categories of emergency nursing activities and performance competence in care activities related to respiratory, elimination, wound, tubes, tests and treatment, movement and positioning, communication, safety, comfort, and coping with emergency situations were significantly increased after the core skill practicum. However, levels of skill in assessing and monitoring patients were significantly decreased after the practicum.
Conclusions
Based on the results of this study, there is need to correct and revise Emergent Core Skill elements and content within programs at Cheju Halla University. Future evaluative research is suggested to develop a nursing simulation program that focuses on nursing activities as part of a ‘care activity framework’ that places assessment of the patient to the forefront.
Keywords: Emergency nursing, Core Skill, Competence, Nursing students
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