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J Probl Based Learn > Volume 2(1); 2015 > Article
Journal of Problem-Based Learning 2015;2(1): 11-24.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24313/jpbl.2015.2.1.11    Published online January 31, 2015.
A Study of ICU Nursing Core Skill Design for Nursing Practice Education and Nursing Students’ Performance Competency
Young-Ju Son1, In-Sook Lee2, Chang-Seung Park3
1PhD, RN Department of Nursing Cheju Halla University, South Korea
2PhD, RN Department of Nursing Changwon National University, South Korea
3PhD, RN Department of Nursing Cheju Halla University, South Korea
Correspondence  Young-Ju Son ,Tel: 82-64-741-7637, Fax: 82-64-741-7430, Email: syj@chu.ac.kr, dobest75@hanmail.net, 970806@hanmail.net
Abstract

Objectives
The purpose of this study was to provide fundamental information for the establishment of ICU Nursing Core Skill for nursing students of Cheju Halla University, South Korea by clarifying contemporary nursing skills/activities used in an ICU.
Methods
A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a Nursing Activities Questionnaire that included 99 questions in a 4-Likert scale. Data were collected from 111 nurses working in ICUs within 6 different hospitals in Jeju and 168 3rd year students who were enrolled in the ICU core skills course with a response rate of 78.87%. The Important Index was calculated from the urgency multiplied by four and added frequency of nursing activities (The Important Index = the urgency×4 + frequency). The data was analysed with SPSS 20.0 program using descriptive statistics for frequency, urgency, importance and performance competency of nursing activities.
Results
Fifty nursing activities that had ranked upper 25 % of the Important Index score among 99 nursing activities were examined. When 14 ICU Nursing Skills used at the Cheju Halla University were matched with 50 nursing activities identified by the ICU RNs, upper 25% of the Importance Index score, 9 items were found to be consistent.
Conclusions
This research showed the frequency of relevant nursing interventions ranked within an Importance Index, and the focus of performance competency elements of nursing activities in ICU of hospitals in Jeju Island. Based on the results of this study, there is need to correct and revise ICU Core Skill elements within programs at Cheju Halla University. Future study is suggested to examine and evaluate the ability of nursing students who perform nursing activities shown as relevant and critical on the Importance Index in this study.
Keywords: Critical care, Core Skill, Performance Competency, Nursing Students
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